Hyperpigmentation/Brown Spots

Who Can Develop Hyperpigmentation?

Anyone can develop hyperpigmentation and it can happen across every age group, though some types of hyperpigmentation are more common in some groups than others.

Since hyperpigmentation can occur as a result of acne, when someone develops post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, or as a result of sun damage, everyone is prone to hyperpigmentation in some regard.

Types of Hyperpigmentation

There are several different types of hyperpigmentation and brown spots that can develop. Since your skin is your largest organ, it is important to work with a board-certified dermatologist so that they can identify the type of hyperpigmentation you’re experiencing and check for signs of skin cancer.

Sun Damage refers to the brown spots or blemishes that are commonly called age spots. Depending on your age and the amount of sun exposure you experience, this type of hyperpigmentation can appear on the face and on the back of the hands.

Sometimes, these spots are also called lentigines, lentigos, or liver spots and they appear as sharply defined, rounded, brown or black, flat patches of skin.

Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation refers to the hyperpigmentation may develop as part of the scarring process after skin has been injured. This condition is much more common in skin of color, but can happen to people with any skin tone. Most commonly, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs as a result of acne scarring.

Causes of Hyperpigmentation and Brown Spots

The most common cause for hyperpigmentation and brown spots is sun exposure and damage. Over time, sun exposure can cause our skin to create more melanin. This is what gives so many people the tans they are seeking.

However, the sun’s harmful rays can disrupt this process and cause hyperpigmentation and splotchiness to develop. If a person continues getting sun exposure after hyperpigmentation and brown spots appear, these spots are likely to only get darker.

Other causes of hyperpigmentation and brown spots include hormone changes, age, skin injuries, and even certain medications.

People of color are more at risk of developing hyperpigmentation and brown spots from sun exposure as well as other common causes than people with lighter skin tones. Vibrant Dermatology is proud to support people of color with the highest quality care as Dr. Ip has special expertise in the nuances of treating skin of color.

Treatment Options for Hyperpigmentation and Brown Spots

Even though hyperpigmentation and brown spots are typically benign, many people find them to be a cosmetic concern. The good news is that brown spots can effectively be eliminated with several of the treatments available at Vibrant Dermatology, including chemical peels, laser treatments, facials, and cosmeceuticals.

Since people with hyperpigmentation and brown spots have an increased risk of skin cancer, it’s important to be seen by a board-certified dermatologist so that your skin can be examined to find the best treatment option for you. It is important to ensure that skin is healthy prior to pursue any cosmetic treatments to improve the appearance of brown spots.

Contact Us

Leave your skincare to the experts. Hyperpigmentation and brown spots can be a cause of cosmetic concern as well as an indication of a more serious medical condition that should be treated by a dermatologist to best control this condition. If you would like to experience premier dermatological care to achieve beautiful and healthy skin, please schedule your appointment with Dr. Ip today.